Table Salt and Raw Onions: Bridging the Health Communication Gap

I heard my name called, then the excited cheers of my family and friends. Walking across the stage and shaking hands with the College regents, I finally got to the College District President. He leaned towards me and, laughing, asked “Do you want any more chords?” I almost doubled up in laughter! This was the Collin College Spring 2017 commencement ceremony, and I had graduated Summa Cum Laude with a degree in the field of Communication, bedecked with my Phi Theta Kappa honor society stole, key and chords, as well as the Latin honors chord. So, Dr. Neil Matkin’s question was legit, and my answer would be that I had all the chords I needed for that moment. God blessed me with the grace to pursue my purpose with passion. My joy knew (and still knows) no bounds!

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So, what makes a medical doctor venture into the field of Mass Communication? I’m sure that there are several reasons my colleagues have done so. However, my journey started in 2014, when the world was rocked by the Ebola virus epidemic. As I watched the crisis unfold in several countries in West Africa and in the United States, I was reminded of the huge communication gap between healthcare professionals and the public. There was so much misinformation and disinformation regarding this disease, which led to wrong preventive practices and numerous preventable deaths. The health sector had all the knowledge and expertise, but was helpless in the face of the social media frenzy with recommendations such as drinking and bathing in concentrated table-salt solution and eating raw onions once a day for three days (Gasp!).

This was disturbing to me as a healthcare professional with a duty to save lives, so I started thinking of ways to bridge this communication gap. I was already in Public Health, but it was obvious that we still did not have adequate access to, and control of, the various platforms of mass communication. Consider this. According to the Pew Research Center, 62% of adults in the U.S. get their news from social media sites. The percentage may not be that high in Africa, but in early 2016, Nigeria was reported to have over 15 million active Facebook users. Enough to attract a visit from the CEO, Mark Zuckerberg. How much social media presence does healthcare have? How many health-based television shows do we have on various networks, even in the Western world? How many of them are moderated by healthcare practitioners? Now, how many entertainment shows are there on these networks? And how many are not moderated by people in the industry? Pretty skewed, right?

This is my “Because…” to the “Why?” The reason why I took classes in Radio/Television, Public Speaking, Business and Professional Communication (and loved every minute!), and developed a new appreciation for History, Government, and Literature courses in the last few years, even though I hated the arts in high school! The raison d’être of drsally’sblog – to provide accurate, relevant and up-to-date content on wellness, health and safety to my growing audience, to bridge the communication gap between the healthcare professionals and the public, and to enable people make informed decisions regarding their health. While we’re still a long way off from our destination, I believe in celebrating every milestone.

To God Almighty, “Thank You for everything!” To my super-awesome son, Melvin and to my fantastic family and friends, “Thank you for your love and support on this awesome journey.” To my professors and colleagues at Collin College, as well as my colleagues at Brown Books Publishing Group (where I interned), “Thank you for introducing me to ‘A whole new world. A new fantastic point of view!’


Things You Need to Know About Colorectal Cancer: Silent but deadly.

Colorectal cancer

On Saturday, March 11, 2017, I participated in a 5k walkathon hosted by the David Omenukor Foundation as part of the activities to mark the Colorectal Cancer awareness month.  It was educational and fun-packed, with health talks, free health screening, refreshments, and an overflow of goodwill.

The questions asked by the participants during the health talk revealed that most people are not well informed about this manageable and preventable, but fatal disease. As though to confirm this, two days later, I watched two videos via social media, which boldly declared that “The word called cancer is nothing more than a lie!”

I was dumbfounded! Really, people?! In 2017?! Come on!!!

It’s one thing to have limited information about certain disease entities, but to declare them non-existent is to live in total denial (not to mention misleading others!).

So, if you watched either of those videos, kindly disregard the misleading statement.

Here are 5 things you need to know about colorectal cancer.

  1. Colorectal cancer affects the colon and rectum (the most distal part of the large intestine leading to the anal canal). World Health Organization (WHO) reports that it is the 3rd most common cause of cancer deaths, accounting for 774,000 deaths in 2015. It is more common in developed countries, but the patients in the developing countries present at advanced stages of the disease, and are more likely to die from the it.
  1. Risk factors: It affects both men and women. It was associated with increasing age (50 years and above) in the past, but recent studies show that younger people are now more frequently being diagnosed with the disease. Probably due to a combination of family history, poor diet and sedentary lifestyles. Another risk factor is a history of inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn’s disease.
  1. The signs and symptoms: The unfortunate thing about colorectal cancer is that it has no perceptible symptoms at the early stage. By the time the symptoms, such as blood in the stool, persistent abdominal pain, and unexplained weight loss occur, the disease is already progressed.
  1. Colorectal cancer is preventable by:
  • Screening: Since most colorectal cancers begin as longstanding abnormal growths called precancerous polyps, regular screening (flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) is encouraged from the age of 50 years to detect these polyps and early stage cancers. People with positive family history of the disease are advised to get screened earlier than that. Please consult your physician to determine this.
  • Physical activity: At least 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (such as brisk walking) every week, in addition to muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days of the week.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Try to maintain a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5 to 25.
  • Moderate alcohol intake: Per theDietary Guidelines for Americans, moderate alcohol consumption is defined as having up to 1 drink per day (approximately 15cl of wine or 5cl [1 shot] of liquor or 35cl of beer) for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men. According to the Center for Disease Control  (CDC), this definition is referring to the amount consumed on any single day and is not intended as an average over several days. However, the Dietary Guidelines do not recommend that individuals who do not drink alcohol start drinking for any reason.
  • Avoiding smoking: There is no risk-free dosage of first- or second-hand smoke.
  • Dietary modification: Although the studies are inconclusive, a diet low in animal fats and high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.
  1. Colorectal cancer be treated: Fortunately, colorectal cancer has high cure rates when it is detected early and patients are treated per best practices.

Now you know the basics about colorectal cancer, be ambassadors of good health and share the information with everyone that you know.

Photo credit:

Why Wear Red?


National Wear Red Day!!! That’s tomorrow, Friday February 3, 2017. This event is marked on the first Friday in February every year, since 2003, to draw everyone’s attention to the #1 killer of women (and men) worldwide – HEART DISEASE, and to motivate everyone to take steps towards its prevention. We have the American Heart Association (AHA) to thank for this super awesome initiative!

So…Why the color red? Well, take a look around you on Valentine’s Day!!! Red is also a bold color, and we are standing up and speaking out!

We are all encouraged to wear something red this Friday, to raise the awareness and support the cause to improve heart health in women and men. So, break out your red outfits, hats, scarves, ties, and shoes, and let the conversation get louder!

Yes… men are also affected by heart disease, but studies have shown that women are more likely than men to have other conditions, such as diabetes, obesity and depression, associated with heart disease. Women are also more likely manifest mild and unusual symptoms of heart attack, such as pain or discomfort in the stomach, jaw, neck or back, nausea and shortness of breath, as opposed to the classical gripping chest pain and cold sweat. This makes women less likely to seek medical care before it is too late.

So, besides wearing red on the first Friday in February, what do you need to do?

The AHA encourages taking control of your heart health and getting to know your numbers. What numbers? There are 4 very important numbers you need to know and monitor. Don’t start thinking of your spouse’s cellphone number or your several PINs or passwords. The numbers are your Blood Pressure (BP), Blood Sugar (or blood glucose), Cholesterol, Body Mass Index (BMI) values. Studies have shown that the modifiable risk factors of heart disease and stroke include high blood pressure, overweight or obesity, diabetes or high blood sugar, smoking, physical inactivity, and high cholesterol. So, visit your well-woman clinic and talk to your health practitioner about your numbers and your risks for heart disease.

What can you do to modify these numbers? Well, you can start by making small changes to your lifestyle and diet. Monitor your input (what you eat) and output (how much physical activity you get), and strive to achieve much more output than input so that you can shed the excess weight, and increase the length and quality of your life. Eating healthy has as much to do with portions as it has to do with the quality of food. More water…more fish, fruits and fiber…less alcohol, salt and sugar…NO smoking.

These are all things that you’ve probably heard many times in the past, and maybe brushed aside or gave some excuses as to why you couldn’t make the changes. Don’t put off these changes any longer. Remember…. you owe it to yourself to be the best version of yourself – physically, spiritually and materially.

So, come Friday, February 3rd, let’s rock our RED outfits and join the conversation on how to prevent heart disease; and every day of the year, let’s make those small changes to our lifestyles and diets, and enjoy the big rewards of healthier hearts and happier lives.

Photo courtesy American Heart Association

New Year… Still Me!!!

In the last week of 2016, I had taken a well-deserved break after the hustle of the year, but apparently my S Health app wasn’t on the same page as me. I woke up on January 2 to find it asking me if I wanted to lower my target, I guess since I hadn’t achieved my usual number of steps in the last week! “Are you kidding me??!!!” Lower my target in the New Year (or any other time for that matter!)? Well, as my people would say “Not my portion!!!” So … I got to steppin’!

This incident with my fitness app was about the best motivational speech anyone could give because it reinforced my mantra for 2017 – “New Year … Still Me!” I’ve literally hit the ground running, super excited about all that I have planned and will work towards achieving this year in my personal as well as work life! Looking up to Him who is able to do all things to bless my efforts with excellent success. Yes, I’m going to be the best version of myself and … STILL ME!

So, I have set my goals for 2017 towards fantastic physical, spiritual and material well-being. Health is, after all, a “State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” according to the World Health Organization. I realize that these goals must be S.M.A.R.T. goals, which means that they must be specific, measurable, achievable, results-focused, and time- bound. Ranging from how many more steps I need to achieve in a day, through how much more time I will devote to prayer and meditation, to how much more money I need to save each month. How much useless baggage to drop, how fiercely to resist negative energy, how much less ecological footprints to leave. These goals will be my compass towards being the best version of myself but … STILL ME!

I mean, think about it. The 2017 Porsche Panamera is the best version of that luxury car model (and my dream car!). It’s got improved man-machine interface, out-of-this-world interiors, almost supercar engine and performance (550hp!!!), and it is still Porsche Panamera. So, all that “new year, new me” hype isn’t for me. It’s a NEW YEAR with new frontiers to conquer, and … STILL ME!

Still raising our glasses to the very best of 2017!!!

Ending Malaria For Good… One Workplace at a Time

With everybody fixated on Zika, the fatal disease transmitted by mosquitoes, which causes severe birth defects, Malaria appears to have been given the back seat. Hmmm….Dangerous trend I daresay, because malaria is potentially deadly, affects all age groups, and has severe consequences on individuals, organizations and the world economy. This calls to mind the similar interplay between HIV and the Hepatitis B virus which is up to 100 times more infectious than HIV and yet given less attention! But that’s a story for another day.

Contrary to popular opinion, malaria, though more likely to occur in the warm and humid regions of the world, (Spoiler alert!) is not confined to those parts. Why? International travel! Try to imagine how many people travel to exotic locations on vacation every year…That’s just a fraction of it. So you see, malaria is a global public health issue and should be a part of every organization’s wellness program.

The Burden 

In 2015, according to a recent World Health Organization (WHO) report, 95 countries and territories had ongoing malaria transmission. These countries were visited by over 130 million international travelers. Worldwide, there were 214 million cases and 438,000 deaths reported, due to malaria. The report also states that 3.2 billion people (about half of the world’s population) are at risk of malaria, with most reported cases and deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, which recorded 88% of malaria cases and 90% of deaths due to malaria in 2015 (Serious stats, right?!).

The Ghana News Agency reported that malaria costs the nation over $735 million annually through sickness and lost productivity. In 2014 , it cost businesses about GH₵ 20,000,000. 90% of this was direct cost of disease and 10% was due to absenteeism.

In the same vein, Nigeria’s Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Country Consultative Mission reported that malaria gulps over N132 billion annually as direct cost of treatment, loss of man hours, absenteeism from work and school, cost to government for providing malaria control measures as well as the cost of premature death.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) also reported that approximately 1,500–2,000 cases of malaria are reported every year in the United States, almost all in recent travelers. It came as no surprise then that on World Malaria Day 2016, U.S President Barack Obama urged Congress to increase U.S. funding for malaria by $200 million.

Now, you see why we should all take malaria seriously!

What is Malaria?

Malaria is a life-threatening febrile illness caused by the parasite, Plasmodium, which is transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Although rare, people could also get infected via blood transmission, as well as from mother to child. “Airport” malaria refers to malaria caused by infected mosquitoes that are transported rapidly by aircraft from a malaria-endemic country to a non-endemic country. If the local conditions allow their survival, they can bite local residents who may then acquire malaria without having traveled abroad

There are 5 identified species associated with malaria in humans, but Plasmodium falciparum and vivax are responsible for the most severe diseases.

  • P. falciparum is the most prevalent malaria parasite on the African continent. It is responsible for most malaria-related deaths globally.
  • P. vivax is the dominant malaria parasite in most countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa.

Is there any good news?

Absolutely! Malaria is preventable and curable, and increased efforts are dramatically reducing the malaria burden in many places. The global malaria mortality rate was reduced by 60% in 2000 – 2015, and an estimated 6.2 million lives were saved as a result of a scale-up of malaria interventions.

Malaria interventions are highly cost-effective, and often result in noticeably dramatic reductions in number of malaria deaths. Studies have shown that employees and their families are the healthier for it, resulting in increased workplace productivity and a decrease in work days lost due to sickness among employees and their dependents. Companies also saved money on health-care spending, reduced the strain on the health care system, and boosted local economies through their efforts.

What can you do in your workplace?

To join this war against malaria, the Global Business Coalition (GBC) encourages businesses to:

  • Identify malaria as a corporate priority.
  • Include malaria in the company’s wellness and health benefits strategy and program.
  • Engage health educators to increase workplace and/or community awareness about malaria.
  • Distribute repellents and insecticide-treated bed nets to employees and their families.
  • Provide access to ACT (artemisinin-based combination therapy) treatment in-house or through health service contractors.
  • Engage the local community in planning, advocacy and implementation.
  • If feasible, conduct/arrange for indoor residual spraying (IRS) of employee homes and the company’s premises.
  • Employ environmentally conscious practices to reduce concentration of larvae and mosquitoes.
  • Impact reporting, external advocacy and participation in malaria platforms.

One success story, among an ever growing number, is that of ExxonMobil, which is recorded in the Roll Back Malaria news bulletin. ExxonMobil launched the Malaria Control Program (MCP) to provide all employees and contractors working in malaria risk areas, their spouses and other dependents, with MCP resources including educational materials, preventive medicines, tools such as bed nets and diagnostic services.

What was the result? Reduction in the number of cases of malaria among the non-immune and the number of serious cases among the semi-immune have helped keep its workforce healthy and productive. Since the comprehensive company-wide MCP was introduced in 2001, malaria incidence among the ExxonMobil employee and contractor population has been among the lowest for comparative operations. In the last four years, ExxonMobil has recorded zero serious cases in semi-immune personnel, and three cases of malaria in non-immune personnel.

Regardless of whether you are a small, medium or big business organization, you have a huge role to play in the global war against this potentially deadly disease called malaria. Your employees and the world depend on you for the leverage that your participation offers.

Let’s all join hands to make the theme of the World Malaria Day 2016 a reality and “End Malaria for Good!”

Yours could be the next success story!!!


Every Step Counts: Placing emphasis on wellness and wellbeing

“Seven months ago, I had a baby, was working in a stressful and intense environment, and found myself too busy to make time for anything. When I joined my current organization and enrolled in its employee well-being program, I found a renewed sense of motivation and inspiration to better myself. The program influenced me to pay attention to areas in my life that I was neglecting, mainly my diet and exercise, but also things like stress and sleeping patterns. …. I returned to bike commuting, I’m eating better, and all of these things have had an immense impact on my overall wellbeing and happiness. I have more energy to play with my daughter and I’m sleeping better at night. I’m a happier person to be around both at home and at work! …. I feel great and my company’s well-being program is to thank for all of the positive changes I’ve made and continue to make. Thank you!” (Tracy Buro)

Tracy’s is just one of the many success stories shared on, a non-profit site which promotes wellbeing in the workplace and outside. In “What’s All the Hype about Workplace Health and Safety 2,” I noted that Workplace Health comprises Occupational Health and Safety, Healthy choices – including health promotion activities at work, and Organizational culture.

June 2016 marks the celebration of the 8th Annual Employee Wellbeing Month, a time for employers and employees to bring healthy choices and habits into the workplace, placing an emphasis on wellness and wellbeing. It spotlights the workplace’s role in helping to create healthy employees, showing how healthy company cultures drive employee productivity and engagement, leading to better business.

Why is Employee Wellbeing Month important?

Healthy, happy, well-adjusted employees are a company’s best resource. Employee Wellbeing Month is an opportunity to help employees meet their personal health and wellbeing goals, providing ways to feel better at work, combat day-to-day stress, stay physically active, and contribute to an overall company culture of health. We all spend a lot of time working. It’s important for that time to be fulfilling, supportive, and enjoyable. 

How can I celebrate Employee Wellbeing Month?

As an employee, whenever you take a moment to incorporate wellbeing into your workday, you’re celebrating Employee Wellbeing Month.

By choosing to take the stairs over the elevator or escalator – or choosing to walk short distances instead of drive – you’ll be doing a world of good for your body.

Food cooked at home is usually healthier – with lower amounts of sugar, salt and fat – than those purchased at restaurants. Plus, it’s less expensive and easier on your budget. By bringing your lunch to work along with some healthy snacks you’ll be improving how you feel, how you eat, and even how you work.

You can also take walking meetings with your supervisor or colleagues, substitute water for caffeinated beverages, or bring in healthy snacks to share with your coworkers. However you like to promote wellbeing is fair game!

For employers, there’s quite a bit that you can do to promote wellbeing in your workplace. Here are some suggestions:

  • Set a daily or weekly lunchtime walk: Send a calendar invite to coworkers so they set aside the time in advance!
  • Give out free bottled water: Providing accessible healthy options makes them more popular.
  • Invite a local fitness or yoga instructor to lead a group class after work: Provide a beginner’s class for people who are curious about new ways to work out.
  • Host a healthy potluck lunch for your office: Everyone brings a dish to share. Set a theme for some extra fun!
  • Create a map of quick and easy walking routes around your office: You can show routes for 10-, 15-, and 20-minute walks.
  • Set out a fruit bowl in the break room, employee kitchen, or reception area: People are more likely to take a healthy snack when it’s easily available.
  • Designate Wednesdays (or any other convenient weekday) in June as “Sneaker Days”: Allowing employees to dress down and wear comfortable shoes will encourage walking and physical activity.

As Sir Richard Branson said, “Take care of your employees. They’ll take care of your business.” So, guys, let’s get up and moving!

Here’s to healthier and safer workplaces and employees!



Reduce Workplace Stress; Increase Safety and Productivity

It’s the month of June,which means that we are about halfway through the year! (Yippee! or Yikes!?)

You walk into the office, and looking around at the faces of your employees, you wonder where those bright eyed and bushy tailed people you saw in January went to! Well, what you see is the effect of burnout on workers in today’s world, people who are faced with psycho-social hazards such as higher expectations on performance and longer working hours, economic recession, reduced work opportunities and the fear of losing their jobs. Workers who live in the fast paced world with instant communications and escalating global competition, which blur the lines between work and private life. The result of poor work-life balance is chronic stress and reduced productivity.

Any wonder why the International Labor Organization (ILO) set “Workplace Stress: a collective challenge” as this year’s theme for the World Day for Safety and Health at Work? Well, work-related stress is now generally acknowledged as a global public health issue affecting all countries, all professions and all workers both in developed and developing countries.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that 40% of workers claim that their jobs are very or extremely stressful. Studies have also shown that the main causes of workplace stress include workload (46%), people issues (28%), juggling work and personal life (20%), and lack of job security (6%).

HR managers, therefore, need to be tuned in to the signs of burnout or stress among their employees so as to prevent it escalating or spreading through the workforce. Addressing these issues or preventing them may also help to cut down on the cost of workplace stress on the economy. The US industry estimates the cost at $300 billion annually due to absenteeism, accidents, employee turnover, medical, legal and insurance costs, as well as workers’ compensations.

Are your employees stressed?

When people are under stress, their body gives them signals and it is important (for both employers and employees) not to ignore these signals.

Employees may exhibit physical signs as a result of stress. Workplace or work-related stress is believed to be responsible for 30% of workers suffering from back pain, 13% complaining of headaches and 20% feeling fatigued. They may also show signs of depression, anxiety, poor decision making, mood swings, and even violence. A 2000 Integra survey showed that 29% had yelled at co-workers because of workplace stress, 14% said they work where machinery or equipment has been damaged because of workplace rage and 29% admitted that they had actually personally struck someone.

High stress levels can also contribute to developing health-related impairments such as Cardiovascular disease (CVD), Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), and even Suicide due to depression and anxiety.

The Good News!

Work-related stress is preventable! Stress management in the workplace should be geared towards removing or reducing the sources of stress at work. It should be a complement to job redesign and organizational structure change, and not just focused on the individual worker.

Some measures that could be employed include:

Flexible and manageable work schedules – employees have been shown to be more productive when they have more control over the nature and timing of their work performance, and when their workload is realistic and manageable. There’s also the need for a clear cut job description to increase employee responsibility and reduce ambiguity and the feeling of powerlessness.

Recognition and respect at work – the World Health Organization (WHO) states that being appreciated is one of the most important factors that increase motivation and satisfaction as well as health and well-being. Negative evaluation usually leads to low self-esteem, which in turn leads to depression.

Effective workplace wellness program – According to Fast Company, health and wellness programs reduce burnout by up to 125%. However, less than 10% of workers have access to health and wellness programs. You can make a difference in the lives of your employees by incorporating a robust and effective wellness program in your workplace.

Workplace stress is truly a collective challenge, and all hands – organizational, team and individual – must be on deck to overcome it and develop a healthy, functional and happy workforce! On your marks……!

What’s All the Hype about Workplace Health and Safety 2?

So, what really is all this hype about?

First, all businesses or workplaces present a potential risk of accident or damage to health of workers and even visitors. Therefore, Workplace safety and health is relevant to all branches of industry, business and commerce including traditional industries, information technology companies, hospitals, care homes, schools, universities, leisure facilities, and offices. Employees are exposed to a myriad of hazards ranging from falling from heights, toxic substances, workstation issues such as the visual display unit (computer monitor), and even slips, trips and falls. Certain health emergencies, such as cardiac arrest, may also occur at the workplace and though they may not be directly caused by the environment, there should be first responders in the workplace who are equipped to handle such cases.

Second, it is the responsibility of the employer to provide a safe and healthy workplace for employees. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), workers should be protected from sickness, disease and injury arising from their employment1.

Does this hold true for many? Sadly, the answer is “No.” Worldwide, there are 317 million accidents occurring on the job annually and the world loses approximately 6,300 people every day (2.3 million per year) due to occupational accidents or work related diseases. This has a very vast human cost and high economic burden.

Third, not just is it socially responsible, but there are vast benefits for both the employers and employees (as it is also the responsibility of both parties to act) in the development and practice of excellent health and safety measures in the workplace.

What are the benefits of Workplace Wellness, Health and Safety?

The benefits of effective management of workplace health and safety include:

  • Employee well-being – improved health and morale, job satisfaction and better ability to cope with stress.
  • Enhancing the image and culture of businesses – fewer injuries lead to less turn over, increased retention and recruitment, achievement of high-performance teams,
  • Financial benefits to business – less absenteeism and presenteeism, increased productivity and profit.


So, what is Workplace Health and Safety, and what does it entail?

Workplace health is a comprehensive and integrated approach to health which focuses on the general population at a workplace and the organization as a whole. It addresses a broad range of health issues including physical and psycho-social, environment, health practices, personal resources, etc. through programs, policies and practices2.

It entails:

  • Occupational Health and Safety – which focuses on preventing injuries or illness, and eliminating hazards
  • Healthy choices – including health promotion activities at work, which encourage overall health and wellness (e.g. Heart health, nutrition and stress management.
  • Organizational culture – management practices and strategies that focus on culture, values and relationships within the organization

What does this mean?

Employers are responsible for providing safe and healthy workplace conditions as well as the right systems and methods for safe activities. Nevertheless, employees also have a vital part to play in the equation. They need the right knowledge and the right attitude, which demands proper training in the basics of health and safety, as well as specific training for individual tasks.


Photo Courtesy:


  1. International Labour Standards on Occupational Safety and Health–en/index.htm
  2. What is Workplace Health and why is it important?


Dr. Sally cannot be held responsible for the accuracy or completeness of any pages on linked websites.